Nutrition Facts
Amongst the oldest known herbal remedies, mustard seeds have a great number of health benefits to boast about. With this article, know about the nutrition facts, values and calories of mustard seeds.



Mustard Seed

Main Name: Mustard Seed
Biological Name: Brassica
Hindi Name: Rai
Names in other Indian Languages: Kadugu (Tamil and Malayalam), Avalu (Telugu), Rai (Gujarati), Sorse (Bengali), Mohori (Marathi), Sorisa (Oriya), Rai, Sarron (Punjabi), Rai, Sarson (Urdu)

Mustard seeds, the tiny round structures derived from a mustard plant, have been used from time immemorial as a condiment in food at regions all over the world. If you are not very familiar with the mustard seed, which is sold whole and in a powder form, you will probably associate the spice with occasional barbeques. However, for others who like the pungent flavor in their food, mustard seed is almost a part of their daily diet. Mustard seeds are very popular for the aroma that they lend to world cuisines. The strong and spicy taste of mustard seeds varies according to their types, which are brown Indian mustard, white mustard, and black mustard. The light colored mustard seeds are less acrid to taste compared to the dark colored versions. While much is said about the taste of mustard seeds, little is known about its health benefits. They are loaded with several health promoting properties, giving you a myriad of reasons to blend them in your daily food. Listed here are some of the many health benefits of consuming mustard seeds.

History
The earliest mention of mustard seeds in the history of India is in a story of Gautama Buddha, where he is seen advising a crying mother to gather a handful of mustard seeds from a house which has never seen the death of a family member. The mother realizes that she is not alone who has experienced the death of her son, there are many like her who have gone through the same pain. Mustard seeds were extensively used in French cuisine which can be traced back to 800 AD, while the seeds have been a popular spice in Spain since the 15th century. According to historical records, it was Rome that first invented the concept of making a paste from mustard seeds and using it as a condiment in cooking. Mustard seeds were also a popular spice in ancient Greece. The mustard seed has often found a place in the scriptures of various religions. The Quran says that Allah punishes all forms of injustice, even if it is the size of one mustard seed. The Jewish texts compare the size of the universe to the size of a mustard seed to signify how insignificant worldly pleasures are. In the New Testament of the Bible, Jesus states that the kingdom of God initially started as the size of a mustard seed and then gradually grew in size. Today mustard seeds are one of the most widely traded spices, with the major produce coming from Hungary, Great Britain, India, Canada and the United States.

Health Benefits of Mustard Seeds
  • The myrosinase enzymes present in mustard seeds help in breaking the glucosinates into other phytonutrients called isothiocyanates, which can stop the growth of existing cancerous cells in the body and hence, prevent the risk of gastrointestinal tract and colorectal cancers.
  • Mustard seeds are known for treating inflammations of the body due to the presence of selenium in rich amounts. Besides, the omega-3 fatty acids content also contributes to the reduction of inflammation and helping in curing asthma and rheumatoid arthritis.
  • The high amounts of essential vitamins and minerals in mustard seeds assist in lowering blood pressure and preventing atherosclerosis.
  • With antiseptic and antifungal properties, mustard seeds are essential for cleansing the digestive system and increasing the body’s defense system.
  • Mustard seeds are also rich in magnesium which is effective in curing high blood pressure and curing several diseases which become part of a woman’s life after she has acquired menopause.
  • In case of accidental poisoning, mustard seeds are used for producing vomiting to get rid of the harmful food ingested. For this, a teaspoon of mustard seeds are steeped in a cup of boiling water and drunk at once on cooling.
  • The seeds make an excellent remedy for treating congestion of the head or lungs by drawing blood to the lower part of the body; thus relieving.
  • They are extremely beneficial in curing pneumonia, bronchitis, and other respiratory complaints. By making a poultice of ground mustard and applying directly to the chest and throat, this remedy alleviates all respiratory problems.
  • Surprisingly low in calories, mustard seeds make a wonderful condiment for people watching their weight. Apart from making the food more palatable, they boost the body’s metabolic rate and give feelings of fullness, thereby keeping your weight under control.
  • Mustard seeds are a source of curcumin, a compound having anti-inflammatory properties, essential for reducing the risk of cancer, especially breast, colon, and prostate.
  • Being great sources of power and bioenergy, mustard seeds boost the immune system and fight against anemia. They also help treat medical conditions, such as anxiety, psychological disorders, effects of stress and depression, bronchitis, sexual dysfunctions and symptoms of menopause.
Barley Nutrition Facts

Amount: 100 g
Total Weight: 100 g

Nutrients Amount
Basic Components  
Proteins 26 g
Water 6.9 g
Ash 4.5 g
Phytosterols 118 mg
   
Calories  
Total Calories 508
Calories From Carbohydrate 114
Calories From Fat 303
Calories From Protein 90
   
Carbohydrates  
Total Carbohydrates 28 g
Dietary Fiber 12 g
Sugar 6.8 g
   
Fats & Fatty Acids  
Total Fat 36 g
Saturated Fat 2 g
Monounsaturated Fat 23 g
Polyunsaturated Fat 10 g
Omega-3 Fatty Acids 3.8 g
Omega-6 Fatty Acids 5.9 g
   
Vitamins  
Vitamin A 31 IU
Vitamin C 7.1 mg
Vitamin E 5.1 mg
Vitamin K 5.4 mcg
Thiamin 805 mcg
Riboflavin 261 mcg
Niacin 4.7 mg
Vitamin B6 397 mcg
Folate 162 mcg
Choline 123 mg
Betaine 1.9 mg
   
Minerals  
Calcium 266 mg
Iron 9.2 mg
Magnesium 370 mg
Phosphorus 828 mg
Potassium 738 mg
Sodium 13 mg
Zinc 6.1 mg
Copper 645 mcg
Manganese 2.4 mg
Selenium 208 mcg

How many calories in mustard seeds (per 100 gm)
Mustard seeds have about 508 calories per 100 gm of weight.

How to Buy Mustard Seeds
  • Purchase mustard seeds from a local store rather than supermarkets, as they usually sell dried spices instead of the fresh version. Local stores sell not only fresh but also a wide variety of spices prepared from mustard seeds.
  • It is always advisable that you purchase organically cultivated mustard seeds or powder. Inorganic mustard seeds are usually derived from irradiated plants, a phenomenon which leads to loss of essential nutrients.
Mustard Seeds Storage Tips
  • Mustard seeds must always be stored in a cool, dark and dry atmosphere.
  • Always store both mustard seeds and powder in a tightly sealed container.
  • You may also choose to refrigerate mustard seeds if you have an excess amount and do not plan to use it soon.